Why do Indian women wear jewelry? And what is the importance of jewelry in Indian culture?

Jewelry has been an integral part of Indian women’s lives since the dawn of civilization

Jewelry is an integral part of the lives of Indians and Indian women. Its importance in the life of an Indian woman can be gathered from the number of ornaments she receives on various auspicious events in her life. An Indian woman wears jewelry to make herself look beautiful. Also, apart from enhancing the attractiveness of Indian women, Indian jewelry can be considered an item of financial security in times of economic crisis due to its value. To enhance their beauty, women wear jewelry made of precious metals and stones like gold, diamond, platinum, and silver. A special fact is that the history of traditional Indian jewelry is as old as Indian history itself. The word ornament comes from the Latin word “locale” which means plaything. About 5000-7000 years ago during the Ramayana and Mahabharata, there were jewels and thus the passionate art of beautifying oneself was in vogue. Traces of beaded ornaments are continuously planted throughout the Indus Valley Civilization period up to 1500 BC. Beads and shells do not last long and metals are often used to make jewelry which was recently discovered by the Indus Valley region. India had large reserves of precious metals and gems; It had import business with other nations. India was the first country to mine diamonds. The Mughals ruled India in the 16th century. He brought his knowledge and art of jewelry making to a flourishing cultural India.

Jewelry has been an integral part of Indian women’s lives since the dawn of civilization. It cannot be forgotten that even in the days of kings and queens, kings and other royal men had an attachment to jewelry. But as we moved towards modernization, the popularity of jewelry among men declined, while women continued the culture of adopting jewelry as part of their beauty.

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The importance of jewellery in the Indian culture

Since ancient times, jewelry has always been considered a symbol of wealth and power. But especially for Indian women, jewelry is considered a sign of respect. Moreover, jewelry gives us an elite status because of our traditions and culture. Gold, silver, diamond, copper any kind of jewelry is an important part of devotion among Indian women. Some use jewelry as part of their tradition and culture. Jewelry plays a symbolic role. They have ethnic and spiritual meanings, especially during marriage.


Every married woman always wears many types of earrings, because, for a married woman, earrings are considered auspicious. Earrings come in different styles and designs. On different occasions like weddings, general social gatherings, and parties, women wear different types of earrings. Earrings are one of the most attractive gems worn by men and women in India. The practice of piercing the ears is thought to allow the inner ears to open to receive sacred sounds. Ear piercing is a famous Hindu practice known as Karnaveda. There are different types of earrings including danglers, kundan earrings, jhumkas, polka earrings, and handballs. Most Indian cultural earrings are made in countless forms, from gold and silver to solid zirconia, crystals and other materials, which undoubtedly give the wearer unparalleled charm.


Since ancient times, women have worn ornate necklaces, strings of beads, pendants, and necklaces to ward off bad luck and attract good fortune. Necklaces also signify safety and success. After marriage, women wear a necklace of black beads called Mangala Sutra, according to which the husband and wife will always be soul mates. Different types of necklaces include chokers, rani-haar, Kundan necklaces, beaded necklaces, etc. They are mostly made of gold, silver, heavy brass, solid zirconia, and many other materials. It is worn close to the heart and is believed to control emotions and strengthen one’s love. Wearing a stone necklace is believed to bind us using their enduring power. The necklace can be considered a protective ornament against evil spirits. It adds a wonderful appearance to the charms of some women but acts as a strong deterrent against the influence of evil charms on virtuous maidens. Since ancient times, it has been worn to bring good luck.
In fact among all types of jewellery, necklaces have the maximum number of magical properties. In some cases, they were designed as amulets or charms to ensure good health or wealth to the wearer.


The bangles seem to fill you with all the melodious sounds it produces! Wearing bangles is easy for any girl rich or poor as it is offered in all metals from precious glass bangles. The attractive designs available in the bangles make it even more magnificent and a woman’s beauty is considered incomplete without wearing it. Apart from being a significant adornment worn by a married woman, it has enormous amorous and romantic connotations. The sound of bangles expresses her presence and desire for attention. Scientifically, it has been proven to increase a woman’s blood flow levels and flow energy through her outer epidermis. This is possible because of the adorable tinkling sound. For married women, wrists like bangles are important adornments. Bangles are a traditional symbol of marriage, but they have a unique place in the current fashion world. Ladies can be seen wearing bangles in many styles like brass bangles, diamond bangles, gold bangles, and many more, adding more elegance to their look.

Nose Pin

One of the most attractive items of Indian heritage jewelry is the nose ring. It is a defining element of traditional bridal jewelry. Since the nerves from the left nostril are connected to the female reproductive organs, most Hindu women in India wear nose rings in the left nostril. Therefore, they believe that piercing the nose in this way facilitates birth. Additionally, according to Ayurveda, piercing the nose near a particular node on the nostril is said to reduce menstrual pain in women. They believe that piercing their nose will help a woman recover from a long-term trauma or illness. They usually come in a variety of designs and are made of heavy brass or gold material. They are a stunning addition to any style collection. A nosegay known as nath by Indian women is a very seductive ornament without which a married woman’s makeup is considered incomplete. It is an integral part of traditional bridal jewelry keeping in mind traditional and scientific values. Scientifically, it is believed that women with pierced nose experience less pain during childbirth. It is directly connected with the health of female reproductive organs. According to one theory, the nose is connected to a woman’s emotional, romantic, and sexual allusions. Prevents a woman from being hypnotized due to its power to control brain wavelengths. Ladies with nose pins are emotionally solid. Women with nose pins are characterized as having difficulty casting or hypnotizing.

Toe Rings

The most unique scientific reason behind wearing toe rings is that it makes the menstrual cycle more regular. This is a common problem faced by girls. Nerves in the feet connect to the uterus and travel through the heart. When women and girls do their chores while wearing these toe rings, the friction generated helps in rejuvenating the reproductive tissues. Since they are usually made of silver, it absorbs energy from the ground and transmits energy to it, refreshing the girl’s entire body.


Traditionally, the groom ties the knot to the bride during the wedding. It is worn by a married woman who represents the feelings of love and devotion between a married couple. After marriage, women wear a necklace of black beads, known as the mangal sutra, which symbolizes that the husband and wife are soul mates forever. The main purposes of women wearing jewelry are to absorb positive energy and to ward off suffering from negative energies. It is believed that very emotional women should wear oversized jewelry as it activates their royal nature and awakens their warrior spirit.


A woman is a mine of beauty. Jewelery enhances her beauty. Jewelery has been a significant adornment for Indian women since ancient times. It is nice to know that adorning Indian women with jewelry is not just a traditional tradition, but mainly every piece of jewelry worn by women carries a lot of value with it and a lot of scientific significance behind them. How beautiful is our culture! We are blessed to be born here.

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Animals and birds have played an important role in the lives of humans, not only because they are not only practically useful but also as sources of inspiration in different cultural activities such as belief systems, art, and literature.

Every civilization in the world sees animals, birds, and marine life in its special way. In Indian culture, animals and birds share a partnership in every phase of our lives. They are presented in paintings and sculptures as companions of deities, symbols of strength and beauty, or simply as decorations. The Romans saw animals as brutish creatures that had to be killed or controlled for human survival. The Greeks saw them as symbols of the power that resided in their separate worlds. But ancient Indians saw them as friendly, loyal, and attractive. Animals have not undergone any major changes in their shape or behavior, but the perception of humans has changed from age to age. Depictions of animals, birds, and sea creatures in sculptures, paintings, and arts such as dance and fabric printing, and architecture are expressions of human imagination and are often used as symbols of power, grace, beauty, majesty, opulence, and religious. and intelligence. Owning an elephant is considered a symbol of wealth and affluence. White elephants are rare and considered lucky in India. Various schools of paintings, including the sculptures at Ajanta, Ellora, and the folk-style Warli paintings, feature elephants. Most importantly, our ancestors proved that animals, birds, and sea creatures were an integral part of the human universe as equal partners who shared the earth. Each animal, stylized according to the deity’s form, is worshiped individually through dance, music, paintings, and sculptures. Animals or birds are considered guardians of temples and human society.



The peacock is the national bird of India and holds an important place in mythology. We have seen flamboyant peacocks appearing frequently in many forms of art, including literature, jewelry, handicrafts, ancient and contemporary paintings, murals, rock carvings, and decorative motifs on buildings. The peacock is important in Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Christianity and is also celebrated as a secular symbol of beauty, love, romance, and life. Saraswati, the beautiful goddess of knowledge and arts, is accompanied by swans or peacocks. According to ancient myths, people believed that peacock flesh does not rot after death and this signifies eternal life. In Madhubani paintings, the peacock symbolizes heavenly love, knowledge, romance, and prosperity. One of the richest examples of Indian art and culture..

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Elephants are highly visible throughout India for their religious and cultural symbolism and as a working animal and tourist attraction. Hindus worship Ganesha who is depicted with an elephant head and represents success and education. Elephants are symbols of intellectual power and strong mental strength in Hinduism and Indian culture. It is a sacred animal and is considered the elephant representation or living avatar of Lord Ganesha. The elephant is believed to bring good luck and prosperity and is worshiped as Ganesha. It was considered sacred with a connection to divinity and considered part of the extended family in ancient times. Elephants are kept in temples in South India as part of temple rituals. Hindus weave the majestic elephant seamlessly into their daily lives through culture, art, and beauty – from paintings on caves, and miniatures to everyday clothes and textiles, coins, and many other forms.

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The cow is worshiped in Hinduism, representing the life-giving mother goddess. The cow is considered a sacred animal and symbolizes wealth, power, and motherly love. It is believed to be the earthly representative of the divine and nurturing Mother Goddess who represents fertility and abundance. Lord Krishna’s association with cows is based on their sanctity. Their milk is believed to have a purifying effect on the human body. Shiva, the lord of the Himalayas, rides a mighty Nandi or bull, symbolizing power and strength. In many human cultures, cows symbolize fertility, generosity, motherhood, and the source of life, and are associated with serenity. Cows and their male counterparts are recurring presences in mythology and ancient religions. The cow is an animal, rather than that it is also a powerful symbol, myth, and metaphor.


Like the cow, the monkey is very common in India and the monkey is depicted in the Hindu god Hanuman, the god of power. Devout Hindus leave food for the monkeys at the temples they frequent. Monkeys are widely seen in Hindu religious artifacts. Monkeys have a significant reputation in Hindu mythology, as people associate them with Hanuman, the monkey god. Because of this, monkeys are found in high density around the temples. In religious places, people consider it sacred to feed monkeys with fruits, especially bananas.


The tiger and lion are the carriers of the Hindu goddess Durga, the powerful and protective mother. By association, the tiger is seen as embodying power and strength. The imagery associated with the tiger is widespread throughout Indian history, from ancient cave paintings to the contemporary revival of folk art. Lion or tiger, Durga’s companion, Shakti goddess. They help destroy the demons of darkness and conquer evil every year during Navratri. Tigers and the lives of the people of India have been intertwined for so long that many myths and legends have sprung up around them. There are some popular depictions of the tiger in Indian culture. Durga and her tiger symbolize the powerful union of sacred feminine energy and mother earth, which fearlessly fights against evil.


In Indian culture birds and animals observe weather anomalies – they foretell the changing weather even. They are also messengers between lovers. A Cuckoo sings in spring, and cranes and other birds fly between dark clouds to symbolize rain. The romantic Krishna himself is depicted as a dark cloud that brings rain and prosperity to a dry, thirsty land. The swan is the messenger in the immortal love story of King Nala and the beautiful Princess Damayanti. Parrots carry messages of love between separated lovers. In all the miniature paintings of India, birds and animals are presented as an integral part of the human world. Indians believe that birds and animals are an integral part of the divine. These are central beliefs of all Indian religious and cultural thought and therefore, all species of animals and birds should be respected. It is impossible to imagine a human society without animals and birds. It is impossible to imagine a human society without animals and birds. Since time immemorial they are also in Katha Puranas which means they should be with us even now.

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Why Temples are Built?

Temples are central to every aspect of Indian Hindu people’s lives. It has religious, cultural, educational, and social aspects related to human life. A temple is a place beyond the world of man. Hindus believe that temples contribute to their ultimate enlightenment in life. Although God can be found in the mind itself, the temple is the place to approach God and find divine knowledge. All aspects of a Hindu temple focus on the goal of enlightenment and liberation – the principles of design and construction, its architecture, and decorative forms and rituals. So the question arises as to why temples were built in ancient times, surely there could be many reasons. A temple is a place where you feel a concentration of energy. It is the device or gateway to connect with the Absolute Power. It creates an environment for opening the mind and consciousness. Thus we find uniqueness in the mind.

1. For worshiping

They are seen as a sacred places where Hindus can go to worship and connect with their gods. Temples hold an important place in one’s mind and are often seen as a symbol of hope. For many Hindus, a temple is a place of refuge during difficult times. In history, there have been many famous temples that have been built. Apart from all these scientific perspectives, temples were looked at more as a place where one can let go of daily ordeals and find peace. The channeled positive energy, and reciting of shlokas ground us down and we will be able to concentrate better.

2. To share the culture and details about the society .

The temple was not just a place of worship; It filled a great place in the cultural and economic life of the people. It’s construction and maintenance employed many architects and artisans in the past. The manufacture of stone and metal icons gave scope to the talents of the country’s best sculptors. The daily routine, especially in the larger temples, provided constant employment to numerous priests, singers, musicians, dancing girls, florists, cooks, and many other classes of servants in the society. Periodical festivals were occasions marked by fairs, learning contests, wrestling matches, and every form of popular entertainment. Schools and hospitals were often located in the temple precincts, and it often served as a town hall where people gathered to consider local affairs or listen to the exposition of sacred literature. The practice of adorning the images used especially during processions with numerous ornaments set with precious stones stimulated the art of jewelers to a considerable extent. And the temple gathered around itself all that was best in the arts of civilized existence. Overall, the temple is a symbol of our country’s culture.

3. Acted as shelters for people during the time of war.

Hindus consider the construction of temples to be a highly religious act, which carries great religious merit. Therefore, kings and nobles were keen to sponsor the construction of temples, and the various stages of the construction of temples were performed as religious rites. The idols of God are carved from specially selected stones and metals, which again contain traces of many minerals, which are believed to store cosmic energy like a battery. Many old great temples served as treasures for kings and also had underground tunnel systems so that in case of danger the king could run to safety through these secret underground tunnels.

4.Celebrations of Festivals

Hindu temples are not just holy places; They are also secular spaces. Their meaning and purpose extend beyond spiritual life to social practices and daily life. Some temples serve as places to mark festivals and celebrate the arts through dance and music, weddings or commemorative weddings, the birth of a child, other significant life events, or the death of a loved one. In political and economic life, there are millions of temples across India, each with its unique history, its story, its spiritual specialties, and its annual rituals and traditions. As such, temples are important repositories of Indian culture, tradition, arts, values, and way of life. Many aspects of Hindu culture, civilization, community, and identity are mainly ensured in temples and shrines for their survival.

5. Unite local people

A temple has always been the center of a community. Temples also provide social services like providing free food. These temples act as a place of emanation of spiritual energy and help to increase the sense of community in a big way. Spiritual pursuit in India is a top priority of this nation, so these temples bear witness to our rich heritage. Another important way of providing practical help to poor people in India is through temples that provide community services like weddings and other cultural events at a much cheaper rate than other places.

Last words.

A Hindu temple is the main center of Hindu society. Even today it is the first choice for most ordinary Hindus in spiritual and religious matters. Hindus in India worship God in temples every day. It is not just a religion but our way of life. Temples are built to mark sacred places and to nurture and preserve their healing powers. There are many such sites around the world. The presence of temples in this world is a great boon to us. We should have some understanding of their spiritual influence on the world and we should maintain them energetically, including cleaning them regularly and repairing damage to internal structures and sacred images.

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The chants of Hare Ram Hare Krishna in this Christian orthodox country!

Russia is a country in northern Eurasia. It is an administration semi-official republic, including 83 regulatory subjects Russia has everything that can interest travelers of all ages social affairs, and individual tendencies. As baffling country with an “absolutely open soul”. It’s enormous and prevalent, welcoming and senseless, radiant and faltering, happy and self-denouncing.

If Russia was an individual, it would be maybe the most clashing characters you anytime knew. Moreover, before long the most appealing and locks in. So what about we ricochet into the 9 fascinating real factors about Russia one should know! Our fascinating real factors about Russia are only significant for what expects guests of this enormous country. Russia is the best country in the whole world.

Russia is moreover the solitary country washed by twelve seas. Its area is similarly known – 17,075,400 square kilometers. Russia is the best country in the whole world. Similarly the singular country washed by twelve seas, with coverage of – 17,075,400 square kilometers. Russia is the best country in the whole world, the singular country washed by twelve seas. In the nineteenth century, Russia had achieved various remarkable achievements in the fields of composing, plan, sly dance, melodic synthesis, and execution. The St Petersburg Imperial Ballet school conveyed specialists like Anna Pavlova. Moscow’s Bolshoi association made a significant impact. Tchaikovsky transformed into a generally acclaimed essayist.

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“Atithi Devo Bhava”. – The way of treating guests.

India is a colorful country made up of rituals. Vedic rituals, beliefs, and traditions existed, even though the country is running in 21 st century globalization, western culture has footing its steps but still rooted in its traditions and culture. India has a lot of traditions and beliefs but they are all based on some scientific and practical factors. The Sanskrit word “tithi” means the date, “Atithi” means without an appointment or unexpected arrival to our home in a pleasant way. “Devo” means it is an equivalent or treats like God. “Bhava” means to manifest or happen. According to Indian culture, guests are treated as equals to God. Atithi Devo Bhava means, treat the unexpected guest as a god, it originates from the Taittiya Upanishads of the Yajur Veda. The beauty of Indian culture became our tourism tagline and slogan. Globally our culture influenced, that is the strength of Indian culture. Our unique customs, rituals, traditions, history, people made us unique globally.


Guest coming to our homes are also an integral part of our culture. Our ancient Indian tradition says that “Atithi Devo Bhava” – guests are gods. What a beauty of our culture!. During those days, the visits of the visitors were unexpected unannounced because there was no mode of technological developments and means of communication. Therefore the arrival of the guest was considered and welcomed with the idea “Atithi Devo bhava”. This is an important practice since the times of ancient ideas. Individuals in India since antiquated occasions offer significance to regard and thoughtfulness regarding their visitors by serving them with different assets they can bear independent of their monetary status. It is the Indian culture that advises us to show the highest respect and attention to our guests. This valuable culture deeply rooted in the ancient Indian scriptures and teachings of Buddhism even. This concept was present a long time before. But still, it is our tourism industry has following this beautiful culture. The people in every part of India follow this ideology in their life.

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Atithi Devo Bhava Program was presented by the Government of India and the Ministry of Tourism. This is to show the visitors the significance of vacationers and the travel industry places. The expansion in number will prompt monetary development.

This program acquires the mindfulness individuals towards the protection of our way of life, legacy, and cordiality. India is wealthy in culture and legacy. Individuals are welcomed and regarded in India, from the previous days we regard our visitors. Prior days Indian friendliness was given the more noticeable quality and that can be repurchased to the current days. This can be the significant motivation behind why most visitors are drawn in towards India.



There are so many guidelines has given to us by our ancient scriptures, Vedas, Upanishads, and Bhagavad Gita. If a person wants to be happy he must follow what these scriptures have said. It made our life very beautiful and meaningful. These are part of the code of conduct of Hindu society. simply we can say, its way of life. The host-guest relationship in India is truly one of the most valuable relationships. Some precepts are essential to our life upon being born as human beings. This is what Hinduism says. There is so much research on Hinduism exhibits that Hinduism is a way of life and a state of mind not only a religion. It is inclusive in Nature and transcends the limits of societal expectations. We live upon the earth religiously, feeling the presence of God in expectation of our life and worshipping him till the end of life. Therefore we even find out the aspect of god in every unexpected guest. It is a high valued code of conduct and more importantly a way of life.


The Atharva Veda says that serving a guest is a yagnya by itself. Sage parashara says, irrespective of whether a guest is a friend, foe, a poor, a rich whatever one who arrives at the time of the ritual of Vaishnav bestows heavenly merits upon the host. If one does not offer a meal to the guest, one incurs sin. Serving a guest or Atithi is the chief dharma of a householder. India got shined globally because of its emphasis on values and traditions, respect for family, and brotherhood are valuable ways of livings of the everyday life of people in India. Welcoming a guest is an expression of our’s culture to others. Each culture has its own way of treating a guest. We look at God in every guest, it is etiquette and manners we have to show to our unknown guest.


In most Western countries, if a person has to visit, we need to schedule an appointment with them. They make appointments on the weekends, we have to tell them when we travel, how many people are coming, how many days we will stay. Several questions have to be answered. I have seen in a Kannada film based on foreign culture, we are not allowed to go to someone’s house without first informing them. Watching that movie scene made me think about how beautiful our culture is!. It was a pride to be Indian and Hindu. Not only is the declaration of Atithi Devo Bhava promoting Indian tourism, but it also signifies the importance of love, care, and attention that we give to our guests.

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New Year with Ugadi festival for Hindus.

Ugadi is one of the biggest festivals celebrated in India. People usually get up early in the morning, take an oil bath and dress in fresh new clothes, do the prayer and pooja at home. Since it is a festival, the house is decorated and cleaned with flowers and mango leaves at the front of the main doors of the house. Without the mango leaves, it’s impossible to imagine a great festival, all these rituals symbolize prosperity and peace for the coming years for all the household members of the family. It is a ritual that people use to eat neem leaves and jaggery, this signifies the sweet and sour moments that we should be prepared in life. The term Ugadi comes from “yug” meaning “era” and”Adi” its meaning is “beginning”. This festival comes on the first day of the first month of the ” Chaitra masa” of the Hindu calendar. Ugadi festival celebrated to symbolize the beginning of a new year. There are various other legends relating to the Ugadi festival. According to Hindu sculpture and astrological calculations, it is considered that Lord Krishna’s Nirvaana was commenced on Shukla paksha of Chaitra masa. (month). This day also considered as the beginning of the kali yuga. It is believed that Kali Yuga began on the day Lord Krishna left the earth.


There is a lot of difference between the western calendar and the Indian Hindu calendar, in calculating days, months, and a year. September, October, November, and December should be the 7th, 8th, 9th, and 10th months of the year according to the Roman calendar, it is not the same in the western calendar. This roman calendar system constituted only 304 days in a year. The extra winter days come between the end of December and the beginning of the following March.

The gregorian calendar is the internationally accepted calendar, it is commonly referred to as the western or Christian calendar. The western calendar is a result of several reforms of the Julian calendar system. The western calendar is based upon the basic unit of time and groups them into 12 months that form a year containing 365 or 366 days.

But whereas Hindu calendar referred to the saka calendar. The lunar year of the Hindu calendar consists of 12 months. One lunar month comprises of the two fortnights, which begin with the new moon and end with a full moon. Since Vedic times the people of Hindus have been following the Hindu calendar, according to it, there are six seasons in India Spring, summer, Mansoon, Autumn, pre-winter, and winter. The Hindu calendar is completely based upon even the natural seasons wherein springs when the leaves of the trees fall, new leaves emerge according to the Hindu calendar this is called as Chaitra masa. So, Ugadi festival comes in Chaitra masa, in all ways, it is considered the year’s first festival. In the spring season nature itself starts its new beginning. Man depends upon nature for his survival. Spring decorates Nature, it symbolizes the rebirth of Nature even. Therefore Ugadi means birth – the new birth – a new year for Hindus, according to the Hindu calendar. According to Vikram Samvat, the month of Chaitra (usually falls between the months of March and April) marks the New year or the first month of the Hindu calendar.

It is said that the God of creation, Lord Brahma started creation on this day Chaitra shuddha padyami, which is celebrated as Ugadi. This day is very auspicious as Nature looks so beautiful at the incarnation of Goddes of Spring in the month of Chaitra masa.


In so many countries of the globe, the new year begins on Jan 1st because when we look back at its history, during the reign of Numa pompilius, he revised the ‘Roman republican’ calendar. Since January was named after ‘Janus’ the roman God of all beginnings. The Romans had a god named Janus. He was the god of doors and gates and had two faces—one looking forward and one looking back. Julius Caesar thought it would be appropriate for January, Janus’s namesake month, to be the doorway to a new year, and when he created the Julian calendar, he made January 1 the first day of the year. In 46 BC Julius caesar introduced more changes, through the Julian calendar with the expansion of the Roman empire, the use of the Julian calendar also spread. Later after the fall of Rome in 5 th century, many Christian countries altered the calendar, it was more reflective of their religion Dec. 25 became common new year days. After Rome fell and Christianity spread through Europe, the celebration of the new year was seen as pagan (the Romans, after all, had observed the new year’s first day by having in drunken orgies), so the first day of the year was moved to a more agreeable date to Christianize it. After Rome fell and Christianity spread through Europe, the celebration of the new year was seen as pagan (the Romans, after all, had observed the new year’s first day by having in drunken orgies), so the first day of the year was moved to a more agreeable date to Christianize it. Some countries started their year on March 25, the day Christians commemorate the announcement to Mary that she miraculously was pregnant. Other countries used Christmas Day, December 25, and others used Easter Sunday, no matter what date it fell on. Often, this change only applied to the government calendars. In common usage, January 1 was still the first day of the year, as regular non-clergy, non-royal folks didn’t t see a need to change it.

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Holi- Indian Cultural Heritage.

Festivals celebrated in India than anywhere else in the world. There are many festivals and celebrations in India, each festival reflects the richness There is no account here of celebratory festivals. Each has a history and meaning behind it. Holi is such a feast and celebration. Holi festival is a fascinating cultural and religious celebration that has been celebrated since ancient Indian times. Holi is a festival that brings joy, excitement, and delight to the mind. It is celebrated in the spring as a way to welcome it and is seen as a new beginning. It is the most vibrant of all Hindu festivals. Like other festivals in the country, Holi is associated with popular legends of Hinduism. Holi festival is celebrated on the full moon day in the month of Phalguna. Holi is a symbol of good triumph over evil.



There are so many aspects which make it significant in our customs and traditions. This colorful, vivid, vibrant festival close to our religion Hinduism and our mythology. The Hindu legend says there once lived a devil and powerful king, Hiranyakashyap who considered himself a God and wanted everybody to worship. Prahlad began to worship Lord Vishnu. To get rid of his son Hiranyakashyap asked his sister Holika to enter a blazing fire with Prahlad in her lap as she was unharmed. Legend says that Prahlad was saved for his extreme devotion to the Lord Vishnu while Holika paid a price for her evil desire. The tradition of burning Holika comes mainly from this legend.

Holi is also associated with Lord Krishna and Radha which describes the extreme delight where Lord Krishna took in applying color on Radha and other Gopis. This tends to a Holi festival. When he was a baby, he had blue skin color after drinking the poisoned breast milk of the demon. When he became young, he would often feel sad about whether the fair color Radha would never like him because of his skin color. So, Krishna’s mother asked him to go and color Radha’s face with any color he wanted. When Krishna applied color to Radha then people have started playing with colors on Holi.


Festival of Colors, Holi is celebrated all over the country with enthusiasts. From a scientific perspective, Holi is played in the spring season. This period induces the growth of bacteria in the atmosphere as well as in the body. When Holika is burnt to the temperature of the atmosphere raises around 50 – 60 degrees. so, the heat coming from the fire kills the bacteria in the body. In some parts of the country, people use to put ash of Holika burning on their forehead, they believed that it promotes good health. Particular color plays a vital role in the human body. Some colors made with turmeric, neem, Palash could cure skin diseases. The natural color powders made from natural ingredients healing effect on the human body. It’s very sad, now the days market is filled with synthetic colors comprise of toxic components that lead to rashes on the skin, allergies. Hence the festival of Holi is significant for our lives and body by providing joy and fun. Western physicians and doctors believe that for a healthy body, colors have an important place besides the other vital elements.


India is a magnificent country, there are many festivals, rituals, and beliefs. Moreover, all these festivals and celebrations have their own scientific backgrounds and mythological meanings if we understood and practiced them in a scientific way. India has unique festivals and celebrations that still attract foreigners today, this is remarkable. Holi is a festival ritual and traditions have brought holiness to the Holi festival. The festival brings together every member of the house and fills the festive mood with everyone. Holi grasps the message that we should bow down to what is good. This festival is the essence of the fact that evil can never win against the power of God. Holi helps people to believe in the truth and to fight evil.

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Kumbh Mela – The largest religious public gathering in the world.

According to Hindu mythology, Kumbh Mela is an important religious festival celebrated four times over 12 years. UNESCO has recognized Kumbh Mela as an intangible cultural heritage. It is taken place at Haridwar on the Ganges in the Uttarkhand, Ujjain on the Shipra river in Madhya Pradesh, Nashik on the Godavari river in Maharastra, and Prayagraj at the confluence of three rivers Ganga, Yamuna, and Saraswathi in the Uttarpradesh. It is said that Kumbh Mela is the world’s largest religious and cultural human gathering. Devotes all across the world will take part in Kumba Mela. The name ‘kumbh’ is derived from the immortal poet of the nectar which Devtas and the Demons fought over. ‘Mela’ is in the Sanskrit word meaning gathering. According to Hindu mythology, it is believed that those who take a dip in the holy water of Ganga are eternally blessed, washes the sins, and moves towards solvation. After visiting the Kumbh Mela of 1985, famous American author Mark Twain said,” It is wonderful, the power of a faith like that, that can multitudes of old and weak and the young and frail enter without hesitation.”



Kumbh Mela is held every three years on a rotational basis in the Holy cities of Allahabad, Nashik, Haridwar, and Ujjain. The sadhus, Nagas can be seen here. All the pilgrims who wish to liberate for reincarnation, to get moksha can attend Kumbh Mela. Hindus believe bathing at the rivers will cleanse them of their sins and help them attain moksha. Many devotees went to the Kumbh Mela every year in the hope of attaining Moksha. This is one of the largest gatherings which is also one of the largest in the world. The Kumbh Mela pulls in upwards of 70 million pilgrims from around the globe. They come here to accomplish salvation from the unending cycle of life and death. Nagas do not wear any clothes, cover bodies with ashes. Urdhwavahurs put their bodies through severe hardships and shirshasins stand for 24 hours and meditate while standing on their heads.

Kumbh Mela related to legends of Hinduism.


It derives its origin from Hindu legends. According to the legend, a war between Gods and Demons, the reason was the nectar, which was produced was produced during Samudra manthan. To prevent the demons from Amrita, gods placed it in a kumbh or a pot. According to the legend the kumbh Mela held at four places because, when the divine carrier Garuda flew away with kumbh the nectar was spilled over four places Haridwar, Nashik, Ujjain, and Allahabad.

The five elements of Nature in one place.

Rituals of aarthi are the major attraction of kumbh Mela. Aarthi is attended by millions of people on festive days. The aarthi by a priest chants hymns with great fervor, which represents the importance of panchatatva earth, water, air, fire, and space. During aarthi on the river banks all these five elements to be present in one place. Devotees come to Kumbh to experience a minimal state of lifestyle, and worship the 5 essential elements of survival on the Earth-Fire, Water, Earth, Metal, and Wood. Triveni Sangam in Prayaag attracts thousands of migratory birds. These birds cover thousands of kilometers and arrive in October and flyback by the end of March month.


Naga babas renounced all material things and they are the devotees of lord shiva. They are always nacked. In common days it’s difficult to see these Naga sadhus but they are seen during kumbh Mela. During these times they perform extremely painful acts to prove their devotion. And sadhus gather to perform all kinds of feasts to show off their warrior skills with their weapons includes tridents, swords, and spears. The kumbh mela is 2000 years old. When the Chinese traveler Huan Tsang first documented kumbh mela 2000 years ago when he visited India in 629 – 645 C E.


India is a land of many colorful cultures, customs, dresses, languages, dance, music everything on this planet. India is full of wonders. For everything, there is a rich significance. The Indian cultures and customs have their vast geography. Religion assumes an essential part for individuals by driving their lives. Everything in this magnificent India is awe-inspiring, historical, and religious. Indian festivals, rituals are associated with myths. Our religious Hindu rituals highlight magnificent stories, truths, and Indian values. Nevertheless, we are blessed in this magnificent vast India.

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Kopeshwar Temple – A view of the Moon from inside.

India is a land of so many Temples. Temples are one of the major parts of Indian living people. Each of these temples has a stunning, intriguing history which makes us amazing. Temples and religious practices are a part of everyday life throughout India. Our life is inseparable from the temples. We will find our peace, happiness, and compactness when we go to temples. Individuals from everywhere the world visit these temples to discover confidence and accomplish profound illumination. Every temple has a novel story and history. From the not insignificant rundown of the most lovely and intriguing temples with regards to India. There are many Indian temples that are amazing in their structural, architectural point of view. . This temple gives us a certain knowledge, devotion, and a lot of things to mind and soul.


Kopeshwar temple is located around 60 km from Kolhapur, Maharastra, on the banks of river Krishna. This temple is considered under Indian Archalogical heritage sites, it is known for its beautiful stone carvings. It is one of the rare temples to visit because both Lord Shiva and Lord Vishnu are in ‘ling’ form. History records, this temple was built by Shilahaara king Gandaraditya, Vijayadithya, and Bhoj – 2 between 1109 and 1178 A D. As indicated by archeologists, the development of the sanctuary started in the 7 th century AD and stayed inadequate for quite a while. The development was finished a lot later in the twelfth century AD. This, yet the legend has it that Lord Shiva blew up when Sati forfeited herself and he was then brought to this sanctuary by Lord Vishnu. This is the way the temple got its name as Kopeshwar which implies incensed divine beings. . The temple has 12 round pillars ascending towards the ceiling. It has very beautiful engravings of kings, queens, and their vehicles. The three rows of 12 pillars have beautiful artistic designs. A large and black flat stone 14 feet in diameter. Kopeshwar temple is one of the few temples in India where both shaivaites and vishnavites have their diety. The rare thing to be noticed here is that lord Vishnu is also in the form of a linga, along with shiva linga. But there is no Nandi at the entrance as in all Shiva temples.



Indian great temples have their own beautiful stories behind them. This temple’s story is related to the story of Sati’s self-immolation at her father Daksha’s Yagya. After Sati kills herself, Lord shiva became angry, when Vishnu steps to calm down lord shiva’s anger. It is in this situation, this temple came into existence. When shiva angry he gets the name of kopeshwar. ‘Kopa’ means anger in Sanskrit. Still, we can see Lord Vishnu, Vishnu is present here as the second linga to calm down lord shiva.



The very interesting part of the kopeshwar temple is the swarga mandap., after the entrance to the temple. The Moon appears exactly in the middle of swarga mandap, on the very day of “Karthik Poornima”. It’s a really amazing art and architecture of India even. The swarga mandap in the kopeshwar temple was done by keeping in mind of condition and direction of the Moon. The mandap is supported by 48 beautifully carved pillars with large circular stones with an open roof. We can see the view of the sky from inside. We can also see the kopeshwar linga in the garbha griha in the front. We can fill our eyes with the beautiful carvings of Lord Brahma, on the left and Lord Vishnu on the right. Lord Brahma, Vishnu, Maheshwar symbolically guard the temple.


It is very sad to say that many of the sculptures have been badly damaged and destroyed by the Islamic invaders in the later centuries. Aurangazeb and his armies destroyed the carvings on the temple. Whatever it may be almost all the Hindu temples are a symbolic reconstruction of the universe and universal principles. India is home to numerous different societies and religions. Described by various philosophies, conventions, and customs, the nation has a spot to venerate in each corner. All temples in India reflect Hindu philosophy and its diverse and legends. All we need to do is understand every aspect of the temples.

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“Sanskrit is the best and easiest language to program Robots and computer programming”. Says NASA.

Sanskrit is a classical language of South Asia, it belongs to the Anglo Aryan branch of Indo European languages. Sanskrit is the sacred language of Hinduism and also the language of Classical Hindu philosophy, Vedas, Upanishads, Puranas, and Historical text of Buddhism and Jainism even. Sanskrit is the oldest of all languages to mankind. How can it be said?. Rigveda, the oldest written scriptures in the world is in the Sanskrit language. Scholars state that Sanskrit impact other languages such as Tamil, Greek, and Latin. These are all considered as ancient languages of the world. That’s, why Sanskrit is called the mother of all languages just because many Asian and European languages, find their origin in Sanskrit. Moreover, there is a beautiful story behind it, it is called “devavani” or the language of God. It is said and believed that “Brahma” the creator, introduced this language to the sages. Now the importance of Sanskrit is increasing scientifically. It’s a pleasure to say that many scientific reviews have highlighted the importance and scientific use of this language in present scenarios.



Indian Institute of technology and the National Institute of Technology proved that Sanskrit is the most scientific language and the most appropriate for taking computers. Interestingly NASA has made a discovery about computing language for Artificial intelligence, which is the future of our Technology. According to NASA’s research, “Sanskrit is the most suitable language to develop computer programming for their Artificial intelligence program.” NASA also identified the value of Sanskrit as a language because it was used for early Indian mathematics and science. why NASA considered Sanskrit? Because grammar of Sanskrit is rule-bound, formula – bound, logical, and algorithms. Therefore it is considered and suitable for machine learning and even Artificial intelligence.NASA says ” Sanskrit is the easiest language to program Robots”, NASA’s scientist Rick Briggs says,” Sanskrit paraphrasing manner that is identical not only in essence but in the form with current work in Artificial intelligence.” NASA has once again, honored the ancient language of India.



Ancient Indian scriptures like Vedas, Puranas, Upanishads, Ramayana, Mahabharatha written in Sanskrit. The most comprehensive anthropology, sociology, and psychology of the world, Ramayana and Bhagawath Gita which are in Sanskrit. Aryabhata’s Astronomical calculations have written in Sanskrit. But Sanskrit is not only used for texts, scripture, literature but it is considered scientific language. It is finest and accurate, the scholars say. Sanskrit letters in order are the acoustic foundation of chakras of the human body. According to researchers at NASA, Sanskrit is the finest language to be used and considered fit for complex fields like Artificial intelligence. where computers can be literally designed in such a way that they can think for themselves and not have to be completely dependant on human commands. UNESCO decided to add Vedic chanting in Sanskrit to its list of the Intangible cultural heritage of humanity.


With Indian Yoga already gaining prominence in other parts of the world, Sanskrit is now being talked about in world-class technology. Artificial intelligence is affecting the future of virtually every industry and every human being. Artificial intelligence has served as the main driver of emerging technologies such as big data, robotics, and IoT and will continue to be a technological innovator for the future. Since the computer and its languages ​​are emerging from day to day, Sanskrit is considered the best language for programming. If we think of the Vedas as the storehouse of knowledge written in Sanskrit to understand it better, then mankind in the whole world needs Sanskrit.


Contributions to the rest of India in zero, decimal system, binary numbers, atomic theory, and so on. Moreover, Sanskrit is more important to Artificial Intelligence as NASA says. It is India’s contribution to the rest of the world. It is believed that people all over the world spoke Sanskrit by worshiping or chanting mantras. But today it is considered the best language for computer programming. According to scholars, Sanskrit sharpens the brain, enhances satoguna, and creates moral values, on the other hand, it is used in speech therapy. We cannot imagine India without Sanskrit. India’s excellence is not only rich in culture, traditions, customs, art, and architecture, but it is also proud of India because our ancient language Sanskrit has been approved by NASA for computer programming.

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