Rabindranath Tagore – The proud son of India.
Rabindranath Tagore was the greatest modern writer of India. He was recognized as one of the greatest poets and writers of all ages. Rabindranath Tagore is popularly known as “Gurudeva”. He was a great poet, patriot, humanist, painter, novelist, philosopher, and educationalist. If we open modern Indian history, the name Rabindranath Tagore will hear forever. He was a great nationalist but his patriotism merged into internationalism. He was an orator who received worldwide familiarity. He always loved peace. He had a great passion for initiating people into education and development. That is the reason Tagore stands differently.
He was a son of a religious reformer, Debendranatha Tagore. Born on 7 th of May 1861 into an aristocratic family in Calcutta. His parents had 14 children. Rabindranath grew up in a sprawling family. He was brought up in an atmosphere of culture-active social life and nationalism. He studied science, Sanskrit, English, Bengali, literature, painting, and music. He was also an expert in wrestling and gymnastics. At the time he was eight years old he written poems. He went to England to study law there but he was unable to study there and returned to India. In 1883 he was married to Mrinalini Devi.
GURUDEVA AND RENAISANCE.
Tagore founded Shantiniketan in 1902 where he sought to blend the best in Indian and western tradition. From 1912 onwards Tagore spent long periods out of India. He was giving lecturing and reading from his work in Europe, America, and East Asia. Gurudeva excellently shaped Indian literature, Bengali literature, art, Indian philosophy in modern times. Through his literary works, he elevating the region’s literature to be comparable with other literature on the rest of the world. Not only the literature but also in order to increase world appreciation of Indian music, he cultivated a wide acquaintance with leading political and cultural institutions all over the world. Tagore died in 1914. His last wish was that his sitar is cremated with him at his funeral. He became the first Asian writer awarded the Nobel prize in 1913 for his literary works Gitanjali.
GURUDEVA AND HIS LITERARY WORKS
All the literary works of Sri Rabindranath Tagore’s like short stories, poems, novels depict all the human emotions in-depth and as a psychiatrist. His philosophy truly meant to love, morality, art, humanity. If we read some of the stories of him our heart melts, feels kindness, love, and regards. Tagore was a profound thinker, a political thinker, religious humanist, and a teacher. He raised many questions and ideas about the nature of reality, morality and art, the nature of power and nationalism. Rabindranath Tagore was a great poet of love and affection. In most of his poems, the beauty of love and its different forms, all poems dealt with love and humanity. , love for nature, love for god, etc. Tagore says that true love and union are possible only in simplicity. Tagore’s Kabuliwala is the heart-rending childhood tale of innocence, love & fate. Kabuliwala perfectly captures the essence of a wonderful friendship that builds against the backdrop of hardship, our heart melts when we read this short story.
GURUDEVA WAS A TRUE INDIAN AND A COMPLETE PERSON.
He believed in universal love and humanity. He was a true Indian, a true citizen of the world of all ages All his literary works, music, painting recognized all across the world. He was an indisputable humanist-inspired generation of intellectuals irrespective of their religion, race, language, and also the barriers as state and nations. His idea of humanism goes beyond any boundaries and seeks at a large common place where humanity comes before any other kind of identity. He renounced the knighthood in protest against the Jallianwallah Bagh Massacre during the freedom struggle. His foreign tour and lectures raised funds for establishing The Vishwa Bharathi University. This great Indian is a universal human being.
TAGORE AND INDIAN CINEMA.
Sometimes we can not read the literary works of a writer but we are lucky to see the films. Tagore’s stories, novels, and poems have inspired filmmakers right from the early days of cinema in India. Nearly 100 films in different languages became films based on his short stories and novels. Those depict the human relations, emotions and love have inspired a number of renowned filmmakers including Sathyajith Ray. Sathyajith Ray’s “Charulatha” is the heartbreaking tale of a lonely housewife who finds love again in an enthusiastic and intellectually charged cousin of her husband. His own composed songs have been inspired by many popular Hindi films songs.
Rabindranath Tagore is the most important poet of this century, a versatile genius. Deep love and respect for nature are expressed in his literature. His biggest contribution to the world is the Vishwa Bharati University, which he founded. Two national anthems composed by Ravindra have gained national recognition. He was not only a poet but a master of forethought. Many of the films that made his novel, short stories, can be seen on Netflix. There are subtle sensations in their stories. There are humanistic values, feelings. He is credited with introducing Indian culture to the rest of the world. He is the proud son of India. Man can earn anything in life. But more than that for the country, uplifting the greatness of the country is an incredible achievement.
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